The primary goal of border control is to efficiently manage, screen and control the flow of people across the land, air and sea borders of a country. It’s a task that is extremely important for security purposes of any country and also very challenging due to the sheer number of people whose details need to be swiftly processed while maintaining close vigilance over identity fraud and impersonation.

This job has been made easier in recent times through the introduction of e-Gate systems developed by Nikuv. The e-Gate system allows border control to function efficiently through the automation of numerous screening processes. These are broken down into the following areas:

Identification

Through the use of ABIS/AFIS (Automated Biometric/Fingerprint Identification System) staff are able to accurately identify travellers through a scan. By comparing the fingerprint, face or palm print scanned to the one stored on a database, the identity of the traveler is quickly confirmed. AFIS has been used around the world for criminal identification purposes by groups including the FBI, where they match a scan against a huge database of known and unknown prints. Its civilian use is perfectly suited to border control as many states have their own AFIS systems in place.

Verification

Once the identification is confirmed the next step is to verify whether the holder is genuine. This step not only involves matching face, fingerprint or palm prints but also checking that dates are valid and the document is current.

Matching

The next step ensures that people that are banned from traveling don’t make it through the border. The holder’s details are cross-checked against a no-travel or constantly updated black-list in the third part of the process.

Recording

Finally, once the first three screening processes are completed, the details of each citizen’s entry and exit details into the database can be registered.

The introduction of e-Gate technology has transformed border control processes and tightened security, at a time when it’s most needed around the world.